1558: Elizabeth II becomes Queen of England.

1800: The US Congress sits for the first time in Washington DC.

1869: The Suez Canal is inaugurated.

1933: The USA recognises the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR).

1983: The Zapatista Army of National Liberation is founded in Mexico.



1746: Nicolas Appert, French chef and inventor of canning.

1923: Aristide Pereira, first President of Cape Verde.

1942: Martin Scorsese, American film director.

1952: Cyril Ramaphosa, South African politician and businessman.

1960: RuPaul, American drag queen, actor and singer.

1977: Ryk Neethling, South African Olympic swimmer.



1796: Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia.

1917: Auguste Rodin, French sculptor.

1922: Audre Lorde, American poet, essayist and activist.


17 November is President’s Day in the Marshall Islands, International Students’ Day, and World Prematurity Day.

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